I was researching about sustainable shelter construction in order to find some ideas and strategies for my shelter and I came up to this project that I found really good for my project.
On the may of 2012 the province of Sichuan Wenchuan suffered a series of earthquakes that caused tremendous destruction and lost of lifes. The earthquake destroyed many of the existing schools making the students to walk for hours in order to keep on with their education. During the first months of the earthquake several types of shelters where built but none of them provided the durability, reliability and thermal insulation needed for such a harsh area such as the province of Sichuan.
Seen this, the office of JIngXiang together with a set of students developed a research in order to solve this problem and reduce the waste that the useless types of shelters where generating.
the schools is developed in a light gague steel frame and strengths by prefabricated panels that also provide coating and thermal insulation to the building. this insulation is provided by a multi-layered envelope system where the position and ratio of the doors and windows are carefully designed to ensure that classrooms will be cool in summer and warm in winter.
The decentralized opening system brings in enough day-light and natural ventilation, which greatly reduces energy consumption. The hot water is given by a set of thermal solar panels and the consumption is reduced by a eco-friendly toilet. These two elements can be taken out and placed somewhere else when the school stops to be used.
In order to make the desig more eco friendly the project doesn't use corrosive and contaminated resins and glues, an it seeks to restore minimally the economy and the traditions on the area by using the local materials. In order to do so the architects used the old stones of the broken useless old school to design the flooring and the landscape area in between the pavilions that compound the design.
I found this idea of using the old stones really inspiring as a link to the past building and as a possible use of the parts of the destroyed buildings in the new construction.